Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

Cervical cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths among women in Latin America and the Caribbean. For example, of the 80,000 new cases and 36,000 cervical cancer deaths reported in the Americas in 2008 alone, Latin American and Caribbean countries accounted for the vast majority.


If you’re looking for another interesting blog to read on neglected tropical diseases, vaccines and global health, the Dengue Vaccine Initiative has got you covered.


Health System and EPI Program

Administratively, the health system is divided into fourlevels: central Ministry of Health (MOH); provincial  health departments, district level health offices and communal. The service delivery network is quite well organized and has wide coverage. There are health facilitiesat all four levels.

Sri Lanka

Health System and EPI Program

In Sri Lanka, both public and private sectors provide health care. The public sector provides free health care for nearly 60% of the population. The Department of Health Services and the Provincial Health Sector, Ministry of Healthcare and Nutrition, encompass the entire range of preventive, curative and rehabilitative health care provision. The Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) has been in operation since 1978.

Sierra Leone

Health System and EPI Program

Following a 2008 decentralization program, primary health care services in Sierra Leone are the responsibility of 19 local councils (12 district councils, 5 town councils, the Freetown City Council and the Western Area Rural Council).


Health System and EPI Program

Nigeria's public health infrastructure consists of a Federal Ministry of Health, six health zones, 37 state health ministries and about 1,300 health centers serving 774 Local Government Areas. The Federal Ministry of Health directs Nigeria's essential public and curative health functions including laboratories, disease surveillance and 53 Federal Tertiary Hospitals. The Ministry generates national health policies, plans and norms and translates national policy to state and local levels.


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