Rubella, also known as German Measles, is an often mild disease whose symptoms can range from a fever and rash to signs too mild to detect. When contracted by a pregnant woman in her first 20 weeks, however, rubella can lead to Congenital Rubella Syndrome (CRS) in the fetus, and the effects can be devastating. The disease can cause severe growth and mental retardation, deafness and other developmental problems when the fetus becomes infected. Though the burden of CRS is not well documented, the WHO estimates that in developing countries alone 100,000 cases of CRS occur each year.
Each year, rotavirus kills more than 200,000 children and hospitalizes millions more. Rotavirus is the most common cause of diarrheal hospitalizations and deaths among children worldwide. Development of a rotavirus vaccine has been a global health priority for many years, and with two vaccines currently on the market and several more under development, the promise of prevention is now becoming reality in several parts of the world.
As health sector budgets grow slowly and the menu of health interventions expands, resources are being allocated more prudently and competing options must be considered carefully. Making evidence-based decisions about vaccine introduction now requires competencies beyond those traditionally found in many National Immunization Programs (NIPs). Decision makers increasingly require economic analysis to support decision-making for new vaccines, in addition to epidemiologic, logistical, and financial data.
Pneumococcal, a highly infectious disease, kills 1.6 million people– including more than 800,000 children under age five– each year. Sabin supports research and advocacy efforts to raise awareness about this deadly disease and encourage the introduction of pneumococcal vaccines worldwide.
The onset of meningitis can occur suddenly and progress rapidly, with the potential to become fatal within a matter of hours. Survivors can be left with debilitating neurological side effects ranging from speech disorders to mental retardation and paralysis.
Cervical cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths among women in Latin America and the Caribbean. For example, of the 80,000 new cases and 36,000 cervical cancer deaths reported in the Americas in 2008 alone, Latin American and Caribbean countries accounted for the vast majority.
Vietnam is pursuing financial sustainability for its immunization services through expenditure tracking and legislation. The Sabin Sustainable Immunization Financing (SIF) Program began efforts in Vietnam in October 2012.
Immunization Program Structure
Vietnam’s Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) is located in National Institute for Hygiene & Epidemiology (NIHE), Ministry of Health.
Vietnam’s Progress to Date
Uganda is pursuing financial sustainability for its immunization services through legislation and expenditure tracking. The Sabin Sustainable Immunization Financing (SIF) Program began its efforts in Uganda in September 2008.
Immunization Program Structure
The Ugandan National Expanded Program on Immunization (UNEPI) is located in the Directorate of Clinical and Community Services, Department of National Communicable Disease Control, Ministry of Health (MOH).