The Sabin Sustainable Immunization Financing (SIF) Program began its efforts in Ethiopia in September 2008.

Immunization Program Structure

Ethiopia’s Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) is located in the Ministry of Health (MOH).

Ethiopia’s Progress to Date

Government Spending on Immunization

Vaccination Financing Mechanism

Legislation for Sustainability

SIF Program Inputs

Government Spending on Immunization

Over the period 2006-2014, the country’s Gross National Income rose from US$180 to $550 per capita, a 206 percent increase. According to the WHO/UNICEF Joint Reporting Form (JRF), the government spent $6 on routine immunization per surviving infant in 2009. In 2014, this figure doubled to $12. The government share of total routine immunization expenditures dropped from 51 percent to 33 percent over the period 2010-2014. Since 2010, Ethiopia has reported inconsistently on JRF financial indicators. The data suggest that Ethiopia has progressed towards country ownership of its immunization program. 

Ethiopia's JRF Financial Feedback Report, 2006-2014.

Vaccination Financing Mechanism

In 2014, the MOH began developing an immunization financing mechanism capitalized by voluntary contributions and taxes on trucks. In this arrangement, private contributors enjoy tax exemptions.

Legislation for Sustainability

Excerpts from the Ethiopian Constitution:

‐ Chapter III, Article 41 (Economic, Social and Cultural Rights) of the Ethiopian Constitution states:

“The State has the obligation to allocate ever increasing resources to provide to the public health, education and other social services”.

‐ Chapter V, Article 51 (Powers and functions of the federal government) states: “It shall establish and implement national standards and basic policy criteria for public health.”

‐ Chapter X, Article 90 (social objectives) states: “To the extent the country’s resources permit, policies shall aim to provide all Ethiopians access to public health and education, clean water, housing, food and social security”.

‐ Book VIII, Chapter VI, Article 831 (Control of toxic substances and drugs) establishes the government’s right to control Toxic Substances and Drugs.

SIF Program Inputs

  • October 2014: Senior Program Officer visits State Minister of Health (Operations)
  • March 2011: Ethiopian counterparts host Sabin-sponsored colloquium

Last Updated July 11, 2016