Sierra Leone

Country Overview

  • Resource tracking is operational.
  • The draft immunization law is being conceptualized.
  • The domestic advocacy network has been established and has an official structure and Terms of Reference.

Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI)
The Sierra Leonean EPI is in the Medical Services Directorate, Primary Health Care Division, Ministry of Health and Sanitation (MOHS).

Nigeria

Country Overview

  • The health law, which guarantees public immunization financing, has been passed by parliament and approved by the president.
  • The domestic advocacy network has been established, meets bi-weekly, and has an official Terms of Reference.

National Program on Immunization (NPI)
The NPI is located in the National Primary Health Care Development Agency (NPHCDA), a parastatal institution.

Nepal

Country Overview

  • Immunization law tabled in parliament for vote
  • Public immunization fund established, private immunization fund under development
  • Resource tracking operational at national level
  • GVAP milestones featured in two national work plans

National Immunization Program (NIP)
The Nepali NIP is in the Child Health Division (CHD), Department of Health Services (DOHS), Ministry of Health and Population (MOHP).

Mongolia

Country Overview

  • Immunization legislation passed
  • Immunization fund institutionalized
  • Advocacy network under development
  • Subnational resource tracking under development

National Immunization Program (NIP)
The Mongolia NIP is located in the Ministry of Health (MOH).

Liberia

Country Overview
The immunization law has been passed by one of two houses of parliament
The domestic advocacy network has been established, meets bi-weekly, and has an official Terms of Reference.

Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI)
The Liberian EPI is in the Preventative Services Division, Health Services Department, Ministry of Health & Social Welfare (MOHSW).

Kenya

Country Overview

  • Public immunization fund is established. Vaccine procurement fund is under discussion.
  • Two laws are under development which address immunization financing.
  • Domestic advocacy network is under development.

Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI)
The Kenyan EPI is in the Immunization Division, Department of Family Health, Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation (MOPHS).

Ethiopia

Country Overview

  • Financing mechanism under conceptualization
  • Resource tracking in high demand
  • Legislative review under conceptualization

Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI)
The Ethiopian EPI is in the Ministry of Health (MOH).

Cameroon

Country Overview

  • Domestic advocacy network established and institutionalized
  • Private fund and public fund for immunization under development
  • Draft legislation under development

Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI)
The Cameroonian EPI is its own division within the Ministry of Health (MOH).

Legislation

Even if political will exists, legislative guarantees of publicly provided vaccination are sometimes lacking or insufficient, and few countries have up-to-date legislation. Ideally, a vaccination law should contain a range of provisions, including means of EPI financing, vaccine procurement mechanisms, vaccination regulations.

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