In South Asia, where the burden of enteric fever is thought to be highest, most typhoid studies have focused on urban areas. As a result, researchers have been unsure how well available data could be extrapolated to predominantly rural areas.

In September, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation released the inaugural “Goalkeepers” report – an annual update aimed at accelerating progress toward achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The report tracks 18 data points selected from the 244 indicators in the SDGs that are “fundamental to people’s health and wellbeing.”

Families across the United States are sending their young children back to school. School preparations are not limited to buying school supplies. Parents should make sure their children are up-to-date with vaccinations.

This is Gul Rahim’s story of typhoid, as told to Attaullah Baig of Aga Khan University Hospital on January 7, 2017, and translated into English. The interview was conducted in Urdu and has been edited for clarity and length.