My role as a U.S. Science Envoy in 2015 has focused on a worrisome trend that became especially obvious following the emergence of the Ebola virus infection in West Africa last year.

The initial research for the Ebola vaccine was published in 2003, where it sat for more than a decade waiting for a vaccine manufacturer to invest in licensing and development. Only after the 2014 outbreak began did the U.S.

by Peter Hotez, M.D., Ph.D. Hotez is Dean of the National School of Tropical Medicine at Baylor College of Medicine where he is also the Texas Children’s Hospital Endowed Chair in Tropical Pediatrics and the University Professor of Biology at Baylor University.

Smallpox was one of the most terrifying diseases in human history. Smallpox plagued humanity for thousands of years, killing one-third of its victims and disfiguring those who survived.