PLoS Blogs

Sabin President, Dr. Peter Hotez and colleagues discuss chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM), or chronic inflammation of the middle ear cavity, as one of the most common childhood diseases worldwide and it's high incidence in impoverished tropical and subtropical regions. 

Most NTDs have significant socioeconomic consequences and CSOM is no different. The relationship between hearing loss and academic achievement has been well documented in children. Since moderate conductive hearing loss is one of the major complications associated with CSOM, it is not uncommon for schoolchildren to have a statistically significant drop in their scholastic performance, particularly in regards to test scores and speech development.

CSOM contintues to be overlooked and underdiagnosed, thereby making education about the disease and raising awareness critical to improving health outcomes for those who have it. The impact on developing regions of the world, as well as it's current lack of effective treatment options, make it a strong candidate for becoming a true Neglected Tropical Disease (NTD). 


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