Czech specialists engaged the international Pneumococcal Awareness Council of Experts (PACE) and tried to negotiate with the Ministry of Health for implementation of routine pneumococcal vaccination. Vulnerable groups are mainly small children under two years of age and elders. Serious pneumococcal diseases result in about 430 patients per year, and 14 per cent of infected children die. The offi cial number of infections is artifi cially low, because it doesn’t include all examples of pneumococcal infection. Partial vaccination is already implemented in the Czech Republic, but only some at-risk groups of individuals are immunized — for example children with evolutionary imperfection. According to specialists, it is important to implement routine vaccination for pneumococcal disease, a move the Ministry of Health is currently considering.