Investments in research and development (R&D) are leading to tremendous scientific breakthroughs in health. Just in the last few years, scientists have made tremendous advancements. For several cancers, novel treatments have diminished deathly prognoses. New surgical techniques have reduced recovery time and leave scars smaller than a penny. Just within the last decade, the cost of DNA sequencing has declined so much that personalized medicine is on the cusp of becoming quotidian.