Access & Uptake
Rubella, also known as German Measles, is an often mild disease whose symptoms can range from a fever and rash to signs too mild to detect. When contracted by a pregnant woman in her first 20 weeks, however, rubella can lead to Congenital Rubella Syndrome (CRS) in the fetus, and the effects can be devastating. The disease can cause severe growth and mental retardation, deafness and other developmental problems when the fetus becomes infected.
Each year, rotavirus kills more than 200,000 children and hospitalizes millions more. Rotavirus is the most common cause of diarrheal hospitalizations and deaths among children worldwide. Development of a rotavirus vaccine has been a global health priority for many years, and with two vaccines currently on the market and several more under development, the promise of prevention is now becoming reality in several parts of the world.
Pneumococcal disease is a bacterial infection caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, or pneumococcus. Pneumococcus can cause many different illnesses, ranging from sepsis to more serious, potentially life-threatening illnesses such as pneumonia and meningitis. Anyone can get pneumococcal disease, which is transmitted through the saliva or mucus of infected individuals, but infants, the elderly and individuals with compromised immune systems are particularly vulnerable.
The Pneumococcal Awareness Council of Experts (PACE), launched by Sabin in 2006, focused on pneumococcal disease awareness as well as prevention and advocacy efforts. In the five years that PACE was active, PACE reached people in more than 25 countries and helped motivate countries to introduce life-saving pneumococcal conjugate vaccines.
The onset of meningitis can occur suddenly and progress rapidly, with the potential to become fatal within a matter of hours. Survivors can be left with debilitating neurological side effects ranging from speech disorders to mental retardation and paralysis.
Since 2011, Sabin has worked to improve meningococcal disease estimates, focusing on Latin America. Through regional symposia, research and advocacy, Sabin provides a broader base of knowledge on which to build future initiatives, while bringing together key stakeholders to better understand and fight meningococcal disease.
Cervical cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths among women in Latin America and the Caribbean. For example, of the 80,000 new cases and 36,000 cervical cancer deaths reported in the Americas in 2008 alone, Latin American and Caribbean countries accounted for the vast majority.
Vietnam is pursuing financial sustainability for its immunization services through expenditure tracking and legislation. Sabin’s Sustainable Immunization Financing (SIF) Program worked with officials in Vietnam from 2012 to 2016.
Immunization Program Structure
Vietnam’s Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) is located in National Institute for Hygiene & Epidemiology (NIHE), Ministry of Health.
Progress Toward Sustainable Financing
Uganda is pursuing financial sustainability for its immunization services through legislation and expenditure tracking. Sabin’s Sustainable Immunization Financing (SIF) Program worked with officials in Uganda from 2008 to 2016.
Immunization Program Structure
The Ugandan National Expanded Program on Immunization (UNEPI) is located in the Directorate of Clinical and Community Services, Department of National Communicable Disease Control, Ministry of Health (MOH).