Meningococcal Disease

The onset of meningitis can occur suddenly and progress rapidly, with the potential to become fatal within a matter of hours. Survivors can be left with debilitating neurological side effects ranging from speech disorders to mental retardation and paralysis.

Since 2011, Sabin has worked to improve meningococcal disease estimates, focusing on Latin America. Through regional symposia, research and advocacy, Sabin provides a broader base of knowledge on which to build future initiatives, while bringing together key stakeholders to better understand and fight meningococcal disease.

Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

Cervical cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths among women in Latin America and the Caribbean. For example, of the 80,000 new cases and 36,000 cervical cancer deaths reported in the Americas in 2008 alone, Latin American and Caribbean countries accounted for the vast majority.

Vietnam

Vietnam is pursuing financial sustainability for its immunization services through expenditure tracking and legislation. Sabin’s Sustainable Immunization Financing (SIF) Program worked with officials in Vietnam from 2012 to 2016.

Immunization Program Structure

Vietnam’s Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) is located in National Institute for Hygiene & Epidemiology (NIHE), Ministry of Health.

Progress Toward Sustainable Financing

Government Spending on Immunization

Uganda

Uganda is pursuing financial sustainability for its immunization services through legislation and expenditure tracking. Sabin’s Sustainable Immunization Financing (SIF) Program worked with officials in Uganda from 2008 to 2016.

Immunization Program Structure

The Ugandan National Expanded Program on Immunization (UNEPI) is located in the Directorate of Clinical and Community Services, Department of National Communicable Disease Control, Ministry of Health (MOH).

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka is pursuing financial sustainability for its immunization services through expenditure tracking. Sabin’s Sustainable Immunization Financing (SIF) Program worked with officials in Sri Lanka from 2008 to 2016.

Immunization Program Structure

Sri Lanka’s immunization services are managed by the Epidemiology Unit, located in the Family Health Bureau, Ministry of Health (MOH).

Sri Lanka’s Progress 

Government Spending on Immunization

Vaccination Financing Mechanism

Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone is pursuing financial sustainability for its immunization services through legislation and expenditure tracking. Sabin’s Sustainable Immunization Financing (SIF) Program worked with officials in Sierra Leone from 2008 to 2016.

Immunization Program Structure

Sierra Leone’s Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) is located in the Medical Services Directorate, Primary Health Care Division, Ministry of Health and Sanitation (MOHS).

Sierra Leone’s Progress 

Government Spending on Immunization

Senegal

Senegal is pursuing financial sustainability for its immunization services primarily through budget advocacy. Sabin’s Sustainable Immunization Financing (SIF) Program worked with officials in Senegal from 2008 to 2018.

Immunization Program Structure

Senegal’s Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) is located in the Medical Prevention Department of the Ministry of Health and Prevention (MOHP).

Senegal’s Progress

Government Spending on Immunization

Vaccination Financing Mechanism

Nigeria

Nigeria is pursuing financial sustainability for its immunization services through a new financing arrangement, budget advocacy and legislation. Sabin’s Sustainable Immunization Financing (SIF) Program worked with officials in Nigeria from 2009 to 2016.

Immunization Program Structure

The National Program on Immunization (NPI) is located in the National Primary Health Care Development Agency (NPHCDA), a parastatal institution under the Federal Ministry of Health.

Nepal

Nepal is pursuing financial sustainability for its immunization services through legislation, expenditure tracking and new financing arrangements. Sabin’s Sustainable Immunization Financing (SIF) Program worked with officials in Nepal from 2008 to 2017.

National Immunization Program

The Nepali National Immunization Program (NIP) is in the Child Health Division (CHD), Department of Health Services (DOHS), Ministry of Health and Population (MOHP).

Nepal’s Progress

Government Spending on Immunization

Mongolia

Mongolia is pursuing financial sustainability for its immunization services primarily through expenditure tracking. Sabin’s Sustainable Immunization Financing (SIF) Program worked with officials in Mongolia from 2012 to 2016.

Immunization Program Structure

Mongolia’s National Immunization Program (NIP) is located in the National Center for Communicable Disease Control, Ministry of Health (MOH).

Mongolia’s Progress 

Government Spending on Immunization

Legislation for Sustainability

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