The Republic of Congo is pursuing financial sustainability for its immunization services through budget advocacy. Sabin’s Sustainable Immunization Financing (SIF) Program worked with officials in Congo from 2012 to 2016.
Immunization Program Structure
Congo’s immunization program (EPI) is located in the Family Health Department, Ministry of Health.
Over the period 2006-2014, the country’s Gross National Income rose from US$1,210 to $2,680 per capita, a 121 percent increase. According to the WHO/UNICEF Joint Reporting Form (JRF), the Congolese government spent $3 on routine immunization per surviving infant in 2006. By 2014, this figure had increased more than five-fold to $17. In addition, the government share of total routine immunization expenditures increased from 26 percent to 40 percent over the period. Since 2010, Congo has reported consistently on JRF financial indicators. The data suggest that Congo has progressed towards country ownership of its immunization program. Among SIF countries, Congo ranked ninth in terms of routine immunization spending per surviving infant in 2016.
Vaccination Financing Mechanism
In October 2014, the MOH began developing guidelines for a “Special Appropriation Account”, which will be used for vaccine procurement and will be subsidized by an airline tax.
SIF provides a tool for analyzing how efficiently recent immunization budgets have been executed. In 2013, the EPI team analyzed its 2011-12 budgets using the SIF Budget Flow Analysis tool.
Ministerial and parliamentary officials participated in a sub-regional peer review workshop in December 2014 and received recommendations on their resource tracking approach from peers. In February 2016, the EPI Manager began engaging departmental health directors in resource tracking activities.
Title I, Article 34 of the 1992 Constitution states: “The State is the guarantor of public health. Every citizen has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and his family, including food, clothing, housing, medical care and necessary social services. The right to create private social and health institutions is guaranteed. Social and health institutions are subject to approval by the State and governed by law.”
The government of Congo began drafting the country’s immunization bill in June 2012. In February 2013, the draft bill was amended.
In February 2016, a Congolese MP signed the Parliamentary Statement in Support of the Ministerial Conference on Immunization in Africa.
In August 2015, the National Assembly Health Committee Chairman began organizing a Parliamentary Coalition for Immunization. Among its purposes is to advocate for appropriate immunization budgets.
In February 2016, the EPI Manager and NAHC Committee Chairperson briefed departmental health directors on resource mobilization.
In February 2016, a Congolese MP attended and signed a Parliamentary Statement in Support of the Ministerial Conference on Immunization in Africa.
- September 2010, November 2012, December 2014, June 2016: Cameroonian counterparts join DRC, Congo, Malgache, Malian, and Senegalese peers in Sabin-sponsored peer review workshops
- August 2015: Sabin Executive Vice President, SIF Program Director and Sabin Senior Program Officer attend briefing of the National Assembly Health Committee
- June 2015: National Assembly Health Committee Chairman joins DRC Advocacy Coalition mission to Katanga province
- November 2012: Congolese counterparts join DRC, Malgache, Cameroonian, Malian, and Senegalese delegates in legislative peer review workshop
- February 2012: Sabin Senior Program Officer conducts introductory briefings with the MOH and EPI
Last Updated July 11, 2016