Sabin’s Sustainable Immunization Financing (SIF) Program worked with officials in Ethiopia from 2008 to 2011.
Immunization Program Structure
Ethiopia’s Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) is located in the Ministry of Health (MOH).
Over the period 2006-2014, the country’s Gross National Income rose from US$180 to $550 per capita, a 206 percent increase. According to the WHO/UNICEF Joint Reporting Form (JRF), the government spent $6 on routine immunization per surviving infant in 2009. In 2014, this figure doubled to $12. The government share of total routine immunization expenditures dropped from 51 percent to 33 percent over the period 2010-2014. Since 2010, Ethiopia has reported inconsistently on JRF financial indicators. The data suggest that Ethiopia has progressed towards country ownership of its immunization program.
In 2014, the MOH began developing an immunization financing mechanism capitalized by voluntary contributions and taxes on trucks. In this arrangement, private contributors enjoy tax exemptions.
Excerpts from the Ethiopian Constitution:
‐ Chapter III, Article 41 (Economic, Social and Cultural Rights) of the Ethiopian Constitution states:
“The State has the obligation to allocate ever increasing resources to provide to the public health, education and other social services”.
‐ Chapter V, Article 51 (Powers and functions of the federal government) states: “It shall establish and implement national standards and basic policy criteria for public health.”
‐ Chapter X, Article 90 (social objectives) states: “To the extent the country’s resources permit, policies shall aim to provide all Ethiopians access to public health and education, clean water, housing, food and social security”.
‐ Book VIII, Chapter VI, Article 831 (Control of toxic substances and drugs) establishes the government’s right to control Toxic Substances and Drugs.
- October 2014: Senior Program Officer visits State Minister of Health (Operations)
- March 2011: Ethiopian counterparts host Sabin-sponsored colloquium
Last Updated July 11, 2016