Indonesia is pursuing financial sustainability for its immunization services through legislation and expenditure tracking. Sabin’s Sustainable Immunization Financing (SIF) Program worked with officials in Indonesia from 2013 to 2016.
Immunization Program Structure
Indonesia’s National Immunization Program (NIP) is located in the Immunization and Quarantine Directorate, Division of Communicable Disease Control and Environmental Health, Ministry of Health (MOH).
Over the period 2006-2014, Indonesia’s Gross National Income rose from US$1,390 to $3,650 per capita, a 163 percent increase. According to the WHO/UNICEF Joint Reporting Form (JRF), the Indonesian government spent $8 on routine immunization per surviving infant in 2006. By 2014, this figure had risen to $9, a 13 percent increase. While increasing in absolute terms, the government share of total routine immunization expenditures dropped from 95 percent to 64 percent over the period. Since 2010, Indonesia has reported inconsistently on JRF financial indicators. The data suggest that Indonesia has progressed towards country ownership of its immunization program. Among SIF countries, Indonesia ranked 11th in terms of routine immunization spending per surviving infant in 2016.
The Indonesian Health Law was passed in 2009.
In November 2014, the MOH and Ministry of Planning (MOP) began reviewing all immunization-related legislation.
SIF provides a tool for analyzing how efficiently recent immunization budgets have been executed. MoH counterparts used the SIF budget flow analysis tool to analyze 2011-2014 immunization budgets.
- July 2014: Indonesian counterparts join Cambodian, Mongolian, Nepali and Sri Lankan delegates in a Sabin-sponsored peer review workshop
- November 2013: Indonesian counterparts join Vietnamese and Mongolian delegates in Sabin-sponsored peer exchange
- July 2013: Sabin Senior Program Officer and SIF Program Director introduce SIF program to Indonesian government
Last Updated July 11, 2016