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Build and support a network that increases vaccination acceptance and demand, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, through the design, development, application and use of social and behavioral science expertise, evidence, methods and approaches

The Collaboration

The International Collaboration for Vaccine Acceptance (ICVA) is building an international, multi-disciplinary, not-for-profit network to foster and facilitate social and behavioral science-based collaborations. The network includes university-based social and behavioral researchers and scientists; national immunization programs and public health institutes; immunization stakeholder agencies, partners and donors; public health schools, researchers and research institutes; public health agencies and ministries of health; and professional societies and associations (e.g., medical, health communications, behavioral and social science).

The Sabin Vaccine Institute serves as the ICVA Secretariat. 


Increased vaccination acceptance and demand through greater understanding and use of social and behavioral science expertise, evidence and methods by immunization programs and stakeholders. Through its network, ICVA will increase the ability of country immunization programs and global immunization stakeholders to access and engage social and behavioral science experts and researchers interested in immunization acceptance and demand.


ICVA brings immunization programs and global immunization stakeholders access to social and behavioral science expertise in research involving vaccine acceptance, vaccine demand, vaccine hesitancy, vaccine confidence, vaccination decision making, behavioral economics, behavior change communication, immunization communication, measurement and evaluation. Through the Sabin Vaccine Institute Secretariat, ICVA can provide country immunization programs and global immunization stakeholders with social and behavioral science-related technical assistance and expertise, advising and consulting, tools and resources, intervention and campaign design and evaluation, literature reviews and meta-analyses, measures and metrics, trainings, workshops and conferences. ICVA’s social and behavioral science expertise can be engaged for designing, implementing or evaluating immunization interventions that seek to increase vaccination acceptance or build vaccine demand.


Work with low- and middle-income country immunization programs to develop, implement and evaluate interventions that utilize social and behavioral science evidence or methods to increase acceptance and demand, including by reducing vaccine hesitancy or strengthening vaccine confidence. During the past year, the Sabin Vaccine Institute has worked with immunization experts from across the globe, including the World Health Organization (WHO); UNICEF; Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance; and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and through its IAIM Network (International Association of Immunization Managers), to identify how best to serve global stakeholders and immunization programs in low- and middle-income countries.

Core ICVA Components

  • Expertise and experience in designing, developing and applying social and behavioral  science evidence and methods to immunization acceptance and demand opportunities and challenges
  • Expertise and experience in designing, assessing and validating vaccine acceptance and demand metrics as well as using currently available measures and metrics
  • Expertise and experience in designing, implementing, and evaluating social and behavioral science-based vaccination acceptance and demand-related interventions and campaigns
  • Developing an IVCA vaccine acceptance and demand social and behavioral science research agenda
  • Organizing and hosting conferences, meetings, and workshops to:
       • Review social and behavior science research findings related to
          vaccination acceptance and demand.
       • Identify and share advances and experiences in using social and
         behavioral science to increase vaccine acceptance and demand.
       • Engage ICVA network members, national immunization programs,
         and global immunization stakeholders to identify and address cross-
         cutting vaccination acceptance and demand research needs and
         challenges and ways to address them  

Current Projects

ICVA is currently working on two projects


Assisting the Romanian Ministry of Health and National Institute of Public Health through the WHO Regional Office for Europe in conducting an observation research study to better understand primary care vaccination experiences from the perspectives of caregivers in vulnerable communities and their health workers, to inform interventions for increased vaccination coverage


Developing a white paper on trends in vaccine hesitancy with an assessment of the methods to understand, evaluate and monitor hesitancy and the role it plays in vaccine uptake

Financial Support

Funding to support the ICVA Secretariat is provided by the Sabin Vaccine Institute through a grant from private philanthropy in support of ICVA’s mission and vision. Additional funding will need to be secured to support ICVA’s plans to grow its reach and expand its activities.

Planned Operating Structure

A steering committee is being established to help set and monitor ICVA’s strategic direction, while a scientific advisory board of internationally recognized experts will provide high-quality information and expert advice to the Secretariat and broader network. The Sabin Vaccine Institute is the ICVA Secretariat and provides dedicated staff to support ICVA.