Global Typhoid Challenges in Focus at International Conference in Rwanda

The 13th International Conference on Typhoid & Other Invasive Salmonelloses gets under way today in Kigali, Rwanda, with nearly 350 researchers, healthcare professionals and policymakers meeting to find ways to address the urgent challenges of typhoid and other invasive salmonelloses.

The three-day conference, hosted by the Coalition against Typhoid (CaT), housed at the Sabin Vaccine Institute, is the largest convening of the typhoid research community. Titled “Catalysing Change: The Urgency of Expanding Impact-Driven Solutions,” it will feature 95 oral presentations and 120 poster presentations exploring opportunities for preventing and combating typhoid and invasive non-typhoid salmonella disease (iNTS).

Typhoid is a bacterial infection contracted through the consumption of food or beverages contaminated with Salmonella Typhi. There are an estimated 9-24 million cases of typhoid fever globally each year, leading to more than 110,000 deaths.

“These meetings have consistently fostered research collaborations and knowledge exchange that have been instrumental in advancing important progress within this field,” says Dr. Denise Garrett, Vice President, Applied Epidemiology at the Sabin Vaccine Institute. “Our aim is to address the current challenges in typhoid and iNTS control and prevention, discuss impactful tools and potential solutions, and collectively explore approaches to forge a pathway forward.”

Urgent issues in typhoid and iNTS control include:

·         Escalating  drug resistance, limiting treatment options for typhoid patients.

·         The impact of climate change and extreme weather events, contributing to typhoid spread.

·         Need for improved diagnostics to assess disease burden and to facilitate decision-making for the introduction of the typhoid vaccine into national immunization schedules.

·         Need to improve water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) infrastructure, such as water treatment or filtration, installation and management of sanitation systems, and education on proper handwashing to prevent the transmission of typhoid and other invasive salmonelloses.

The conference is supported by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and will run through December 7.

For more information about the Coalition against Typhoid, visit: https://www.coalitionagainsttyphoid.org